Human Performance & Limitations — Core EASA PPL(A) Subject

Human factors influence the safety and efficiency of flying operations. A thorough understanding of the ‘Human Performance & Limitations’ subject is therefore an essential part of the PPL(A) syllabus. Pilots need the knowledge taught in this part of the course to develop high standards of airmanship. These skills carry through from private pilot all the way to professional (commercial) pilot.


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Human Performance & Limitations PPL(A) Overview

The Human Performance & Limitations course teaches you more on the interaction between humans, aircraft and the flying environment. Above all, this module is about encouraging and promoting flight safety.

In the early days of aviation aircraft accidents were predominantly caused by equipment failure or by factors beyond the control of the pilot. But since the second word war its been human error or failing that has caused the majority of accidents. Pilots, maintenance personnel and air traffic controllers have all been responsible. Hence the relevance and importance of this particular PPL(A) subject.

You’ll need to examine the demands of the flying environment on the pilot in order to appreciate exactly why pilots have an obligation to keep fit and healthy. Lifestyle choices affect how safely and efficiently pilots are able to operate aircraft — the right choices reduce the likelihood of an accident.

There are basic psychological considerations of piloting, too. This subject points out and emphasises the demands that flying puts on a pilot’s perception, communication, judgement and decision making. In turn you learn the limitations of humans as manual pilots.



The PPL Human Performance & Limitations examination has 12 multiple choice questions which must be answered within a 25 minute time limit. The minimum pass mark is 75%.


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